Actively Aerated Compost Tea



Modern compost teas are aerobic mixtures, teeming with beneficial microbes.


Directions for making  5 gallons of actively aerated compost tea:

You will need:  

A five gallon pail, an air pump, airstone, approx. 4 ft. of air tubing, 2-4 cups of alfalfa pellets, and any other desired ingredients.

Optional Additives: 

To encourage bacterial growth increase use of worm castings, fruit juices, simple proteins, and carbohydrates.  To encourage fungal growth increase the use of kelp, humic and fulvic acid, soybean meal and soft rock phosphate.

Put the alfalfa pellets and other ingredients into a mesh bag or pair of nylons. Tie the bag to pail handle and insert bag into non chlorinated water and aerate mixture for 24-36 hours. Room temperature is ideal, avoid direct sunlight.  After brewing you may add mycorrhizal fungi if desired.  Adding mycorrhizal fungi in advance may inhibit it's beneficial properties.

Use completed tea as a soil drench or as a foliar spray.


Soil Food Web Rules:


1) Some plants prefer soils dominated by fungi; others prefer soils dominated by bacteria.
2) Most vegetables, annuals, and grasses prefer their nitrogen in nitrate form and do best in bacterially dominated soils.
3) Most trees, shrubs, and perennials prefer their nitrogen in ammonium form and do best in fungal dominated soils. 
4) Compost can be used to inoculate beneficial microbes and life into soils around your yard and introduce, maintain, or alter the soil food web in a particular area.
5) Adding compost/ compost teas and its soil food web to the surface of soil will inoculate the soil with the same soil food web.
6) Aged, brown organic materials support fungi; fresh, green organic materials support bacteria.
7) Mulch laid on the surface tends to support fungi; mulch worked into the soil tends to support bacteria.
8)If you wet and grind mulch thoroughly, it speeds up bacterial colonization.
9) Coarse, dryer mulches support fungal activity.
10) Sugars help bacteria multiply and grow; kelp, humic and fulvic acids, and phosphate rock dusts help fungi grow. 
11) By choosing the compost you begin with and what nutrients you add to it, you make teas that are heavily fungal, bacterially dominated, or balanced.
12) Compost teas are very sensitive to chlorine and preservatives in the brewing water and ingredients. 
13) Applications of synthetic fertilizers kill off most or all of the soil food web microbes. 
14) Stay away from additives that have high NPK numbers.
15) Follow any chemical spraying or soil drenching with an application of compost tea.
16) Most conifers and hardwood trees (birch, oak, beech, and hickory) form mycorrhizae with ectomycorrhizal fungi.
17) Most vegetables, annuals, grasses, shrubs, softwood trees, and perennials form mycorrhizae with endomycorrhizal fungi. 
18) Rototilling and excessive soil disturbance destroy or severely damage the soil food web.
19) Always mix endomycorrhizal fungi with the seeds of annuals and vegetables at planting time or apply them to roots at transplanting time. 

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